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Acknowledgements, Sources, Data


The creators would like to thank Dr. George Oberle and Dr. Jessica Otis for their assistance in making this project possible.

Textual Sources:

Akira Akubo, "Brother of Japanese minesweeper killed in Korean War sharing his story with youngsters," The Mainichi, June 12, 2018, accessed November 19, 2018, https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180612/p2a/00m/0na/001000c.

John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999

Richard B. Frank, Downfall: The End of the Japanese Empire, New York: Random     House, 1999.

Tim Colton and LaVar Huntzinger, "WWII MINES STILL A THREAT TO JAPANESE SHIPS" JOC, Jan 19, 1988, Accessed November 23, 2018 https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/D0006988.A1.pdf

A.E. Cullison, "A Brief History of Shipbuilding in Recent Times," Alexandria: CNA, 2002. Accessed November 21, 2018 https://www.joc.com/wwii-mines-still-threat-japanese-ships_19890119.html

Lachlan Grant, “70th anniversary of the sinking of the Rakuyō Maru,” Australian War Memorial, September 11, 2014, accessed November 16, 2018, https://www.awm.gov.au/index.php/articles/blog/70th-anniversary-sinking-rakuy-maru.

Yoichi Hirama, "Japan's Value in the Korean War Issues Surrounding the Dispatch of Minesweepers," National Defense Acadmey of Japan, accessed November 19, 2018, http://hiramayoihi.com/yh_e_papers_sweeper.htm.

Mark P. Parillo, The Japanese Merchant Marine in World War II, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1993.

Gerald A. Mason Operation Starvation Essay, Air University, 2002 www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc/2002_mason.pdf

Samuel Eliot Morrison The Two-Ocean War: A Short History of the United States Navy in the Second World War. Boston, MA: Little Brown and Company, 1963.

Guy J. Nasuti, “Growler III (SS-215): 1942-1944,” Naval History and Heritage Command, February 6, 2018, accessed November 16, 2018, https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/g/growler-iii.html.

Lizzie Oliver, “The Sinking of Prisoner of War Transport Ships in the Far East,” Imperial War Museum, January 12, 2018, accessed November 16, 2018, https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/the-sinking-of-prisoner-of-war-transport-ships-in-the-far-east

Alan P. Rems, “Two Birds with One Hailstone,” Naval History Magazine Vol 28, 1, accessed November 6, 2018, https://www.usni.org/magazines/navalhistory/2014-01/two-birds-one-hailstone.

James M. Scott “America's Undersea War on Shipping” Naval History Magazine Volume 28, Number 6, December 2014 https://www.usni.org/magazines/navalhistory/2014-12/americas-undersea-war-shipping

Gary E. Weir "Silent Victory 1940-1945," Undersea Warfare Magazine Issue No. 6 https://www.public.navy.mil/subfor/underseawarfaremagazine/Issues/Archives/issue_06/silent_victory.html.

Stephen L. Wolborsky Chokehold: The Attack on Japanese Oil During World War II, Thesis, Air University, 1994, www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a425684.pdf

"The Silent Service: Submarines in the Pacific," A Guide to the War in the Pacific, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/npswapa/extContent/wapa/guides/offensive/sec6.htm

Reports of General MacArthur Vol 1, accessed November 6, 2018,  https://history.army.mil/books/wwii/MacArthur%20Reports/MacArthur%20V1/index.htm#contents.

The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, “Pacific War,” Encyclopedia Britannica, May 7, 2018, accessed November 6, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pacific-War/The-Allied-offensive-in-the-Pacific-1944.


Data from the Japanese Naval and Merchant Shipping Losses During World War II by All Causes, United States Navy, February 1947 was used for the analysis and production of maps featured here. Sinkings listed as "Marine Casualty" were removed from our analysis. It is available for download from the "collections" portion of this project.

Shipping route data was digitized from Reports of General MacArthur, Vol 1.

Maps were constructed or digitized from orginials published in The Atlas of the World Battle Fronts in Semimonthly Phases to August 15 1945 , Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1945.

Oil production facilities digitized from Chokehold: The Attack on Japanese Oil During World War II, Thesis, Air University, 1994 by Stephen L. Wolborsky, www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a425684.pdf.


Please send questions or comments to Brandan P. Buck, bbuck@masonlive.gmu.edu